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This Materia Medica, written by myself, during a time of study growing the plant and/or gathering of information. I will cite any direct quotes where needed. You may also do the same for your study, and please give credit where credit is due. It may also include questions that may have arisen during my study.

Angelica Angelica archangelica

aka Angelica officinalis

Angelica atropurpurea has been used in place. It is a N American native plant. Is called “Bear Medicine” by indigenous cultures.

DO NOT confuse with Chinese angelica Angelica sinensis

Family: Apiaceae

Origin: Northern Europe (Seria? But moved to cooler European climates) Norway, Sweden, Finland indigenous cultures?

Description/Morphology: Biennial can grow up 6 ft tall hollow stems

Habitat: Found near damp sites with running H2O. At my farm I provide consistent irrigation.

Growing: Seeds should be fresh and will need cold-moist stratification. I like to sow seeds in February in a flat then allow them to sit outside over the winter. You can also sow seeds in the autumn, which will naturally allow them to experience the temperature fluctuations needed.

Parts Used: The stems and seeds are used for confectionary (candied is French tradition?). Roots and leaves for medicine (this is NOT Osha, which is what I believe Mathew Wood is talking about. Osha is the bear medicine plant). Roots are used for gin and other alcohols.

Harvest: Harvest leaves and stems early summer. Gather roots in the fall of year 1. Seeds will be produced in year two. Flattened dried roots are how it is sold in the medicinal marketplace. I have harvested roots, chopped and dehydrated 125 degrees for 12 hours.

Taste/Uses: Expectorant for coughs. Digestif. Eases rheumatic inflammation. Bitter, sweet, oily, warming, stimulating. Burning roots for aromatic and dream work. Pungent. Helps stop smoking or drinking alcohol as it changes their taste. Tea calms nerves and helps in moments of cravings, per Matthew Wood who recommends 1 tsp macerated root in 1 cup water. Allow to sit overnight, strain, and drink 1/3 before each meal *SEE ABOVE NOTE

September 2023, I harvested a stem and licked it (the cut end) and turpentine flavor, which I am thinking would be the pinene. It wasn’t very pleasant. Will candy some to see how this turns out. I’m curious to learn if it has different flavors throughout the season. Also the root flavor.

Constituents: essential oils including phellandrene (a and b) and pinene, angelica acid, coumarin, bitter principal, tannin.

Actions: Carminative, anti-spasmodic, expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic, aromatic, pectoral, stimulant, tonic, warming, improves blood flow.

Energetics: warm moist

Updated: Nov 13, 2023

As I prepare my seasonal fire cider, I’m reminiscent of the growing season. Sowing seeds, hands dirty in the cool soil, harvesting, warming sunrays on my face, the smell of the herbs as I brush by, experiencing the “wild LIFE” that exists, seen or unseen, flying, nesting, foraging, hunting or sipping nectar from flowers. I have always enjoyed being to be able to create nourishing products for my family, friends, and community. It takes practice, time, and presence to grow the plants that are nutritious and taste good. It takes a conscious mind to embrace plant spirit.

Fire Cider is a traditional remedy made by infusing apple cider vinegar with a blend of warming roots and herbs, then sweetened with honey. It can be taken when you are feeling symptoms of colds, congestion, or overall sinus issues. Small amounts taken may support your digestive and circulatory systems. It can also be considered a type of oxymel, which is a vinegar herbal infusion beverage, sweetened with honey. You can also use it as a delicious, warming salad dressing by mixing with olive oil.

This recipe has been adapted from the many fire cider recipes throughout history and our experience here at Heartwood Forest Farm.

INGREDIENTS raw apple cider vinegar 1 part onion 1/2 part garlic 1/2 part horseradish root 1/2 part ginger 1/4 part cayenne additional herbs of your choice (I like rosemary, sage and thyme) local honey to taste Parts can be more or less. Organic when possible!

DIRECTIONS 1. Finely chop all roots and place in glass jar. A mason jar works well, any size (use proportions to jar) 2. Chop herbs of your choice. These can be leaves or berries with the properties or flavors you would like to add to your finished fire cider 3. Add raw apple cider vinegar, enough to cover everything and top with a lid 4. Allow to infuse 4-6 weeks, turning daily and admiring, while sharing your positive energy 5. Strain, add your desired amount of honey, store in the refrigerator or cool place

Monographs for our Fire Cider Ingredients: A Condensed Version

Organic Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV)

Anti-bacterial, probiotic, considered a food, 5% acidity

Onion Allium cepa Family: Amaryllidaceae

Energetics: warming & drying

Circulatory stimulant

Contains quercetin, a flavonoid with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine properties.

Garlic Allium sativum Family: Amaryllidaceae

Energetics: warming & drying

Circulatory stimulant


Horseradish Amoracia rusticana Family: Brassicacea

Energetics: warming & drying

Stimulant, expectorant, diaphoretic, diuretic

Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory

Ginger Zingiber officinale Family: Zingiberaceae

Energetics: FRESH hot & drying DRIED warming & drying

Circulatory stimulant and relieves congestion.


Cayenne Capsicum annuum Family: Solanaceae

Energetics: very warming & drying

Circulatory stimulant, expectorant, aids in digestion

Rosemary Salvia Rosmarinus Family: Lamiaceae

Energetics: warming & drying

Circulatory stimulant


Sage Salvia officinalis Family: Lamiaceae

Energetics: warming & drying

Circulatory stimulant

Astringent, antimicrobial

Thyme Thymus vulgaris Family: Lamiaceae

Energetics: hot & dry

Circulatory stimulant


Natural sweetener

Antibacterial, antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory

Supports the energetic function of the stomach and lungs.

Contains pollen and nectar as well as spirit magic from local plants.

Did you come to a conclusion about the energetics of the plants? Be sure to consider your energetics. Fire Cider is a perfect remedy when you begin to feel cold and damp. This is something every home should have in the refrigerator like any other condiment!

Enjoy this book for more ideas! Fire Cider!: 101 Zesty Recipes for Health-Boosting Remedies Made with Apple Cider Vinegar by Rosemary Gladstar where many other herbalists share their recipes and you can learn about their fight to save the term Fire Cider from trademark.

I don’t think I have ever put all of my eggs in one basket. My life seems to have always walked a line between two “things”. Sometimes I found myself juggling between more than two. I learned how to do this after my third child was born. How do you hold three kids with two arms? Balance.

Maybe I just get bored with one basket. The garden could be considered one basket. I’m never bored there. The garden is full of life with so much activity, offering many different experiences. I learned early on in my horticulture education that I had no desire to grow 5 acres of one type of bedding plant, and when cannabis was legalized, I considered that, but was reminded of what life would be growing a mono crop in a building full of imitated sunlight. I have floated between full and part time off farm jobs while farming over the past 20 years. I have always lived on the county line.

There seems to be an unseen space between the multiple baskets that I hold along the different paths I walk through my life. For example, am I holding a farmer or a gardener basket? I guess that depends on the definition of each, but really, the only difference is the amount of what I am growing. My business is the farm, growing in large quantities for sale. When I am working around the apothecary, I am gardening and landscaping.

I float from one side to the other, between the opposites, always feeling in a transitional state.

farmer gardener

landscaper row cropping

food plants ornamental plants

culinary medicinal

science art

woman girl

plant animal

self-care care giver

grower formulator

masculine feminine

physical spiritual

light dark

water sand

sun shade

warm cold

Can you relate? What kind of baskets do you carry?

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